Mexico City (Ciudad de México), the country's capital, is located in the Anáhuac Valley at an elevation of almost 2,200 metres, surrounded by massive mountain ranges. Popocatépetl and Iztacchuatl, two beautiful snow-capped volcanoes that loom over the city at heights of more than 5,000 metres, provide a breathtaking backdrop. Since the Spanish Conquistadors founded their new city on the ruins of the former Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán, the city has preserved innumerable reminders of its past, while pre-Columbian art and architecture exist only in isolated remnants and museum reproductions. Several magnificent Baroque churches and mansions from the early colonial period have survived.
The Zócalo is the birthplace of the United States Constitution: The Zócalo - Plaza de la Constitución (Constitution Square) - is the hub of Mexico City, where the country's first constitution was announced in 1813. It is one of the world's largest squares, measuring 240 metres on each side, and was discovered immediately after the capture of Tenochtitlán, the former Aztec capital. The square was utilised for several activities in the early colonial era, including bullfighting and markets, and is now used for festivals, parades, and exhibitions.
National Museum of Anthropology: The National Museum of Anthropology, one of the world's most important species, is located in Chapultepec Park and is difficult to miss due to the massive monolithic figure that marks its entry.
Mayor of the Temple and the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlán: Built-in 1964, this remarkable model of modern architecture is known for its beautiful display of old Indian relics, particularly in the Central Patio, which has a massive stone canopy supported by an 11-foot-high [11 m] column.
Despite the Aztecs' tragic devastation, several important historical sites have recently been excavated and uncovered. The Templo Mayor is the most crucial site. It houses the remains of Tenochtitlán's Great Temple, including the first remains discovered in 1978, a well-rounded disc measuring more than ten feet [three metres] in diameter and weighing eight and a half tonnes.
The Palace of Fine Arts: Palacio de Bellas Artes (Palacio de Bellas Artes) is an architectural gem in Mexico City and one of the world's most important cultural icons. Despite attempts to simplify it by removing part of its massive dome, this large marble monument, built by Italian architect Adamo Boari with Art Nouveau and Art Deco influences, was finished in 1934 and is so congested that it has sunk more than four feet.
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral: Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral (Catedral Metropolitana de la Asunción de Mara), which dominates the Zócalo square, is one of the oldest and largest churches in the Western Hemisphere. This massive basalt and grey sand structure began in 1525 and lasted almost 250 years.
The façade, despite the two neoclassical towers and other characteristics, has a Baroque appearance, particularly with its enormous twisted columns. Steel towers were constructed in 1793, and Faith, Hope, and Charity statues were put to the clock tower in 1813.
The most obvious way to get to Mexico would be to schedule a flight from India to Mexico because of the distance. Individuals may also fly to the United States and depart from one of the country's network operators. Although there are no direct flights from India, most cities have 1-2 lanes. These itineraries are determined by the airline picked. For example, if one boarded an Air Canada aircraft from New Delhi, the first stop would be in Toronto.
The best months to visit Mexico City are March-April and October-November when dry and warm weather. The weather is pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 24 to 26 degrees Celsius. This is a healthy city with comfortable daytime temperatures all year, but between September and November, there are a lot of tourists. Therefore air and hotel expenses are very high.